This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the science of Fiqh in general and the chapter on purification according to the school of Malik in particular. The subjects to be dealt with will be: the categories of the rulings of Fiqh (al-Hukm al-Fiqhi), water for purification, pure and impure substances, performance of wudu’, ghusl and tayammum, wiping over the leather socks (khufs), and much more.
This is an introductory level suitable for beginners but also beneficial to students of all levels. The main sourcebook of this course will be the Introduction to the Principles of Jurisprudence and the chapter on Purification of the Murshid al-Mu’in of Ibn ‘Ashir and its commentaries, but reference will be also made to the Risala of al-Qayrawani and its commentaries, the Aqrab al-Masalik and its commentaries, the Mukhtasar of Khalil and its commentaries, as well as other modern and authoritative works.
Classes will last at least 45 minutes. Students will be able to view the sessions on a ‘Wiziq’ platform and download the file of the session along with the instructor’s notes in the presentation. Students will be able to download all materials directly from the ‘Wiziq’ platform.
Course Overview by Week:
I. Introduction to the science of Fiqh. Brief introduction to the school of Imam Malik. Categories of the rulings of Fiqh (al-Hukm al-Fiqhi).
II. Water for purification. Types of purification. Impure substances. Obligatory elements (fara’id) of wudu’. Sunna elements (sunan) of wudu’. Recommended elements (mustahabbat) of wudu’.
III. Disliked elements (makruhat) of wudu’. Cases in wudu. What breaks wudu.
IV. Personal hygiene (istinja’ and istijmar). Obligatory elements (fara’id), sunna elements (sunan), recommended elements (mustahabbat), disliked elements (makruhat) of Ghusl and what breaks it.
V. Obligatory elements (fara’id), sunna elements (sunan), recommended elements (mustahabbat), disliked elements (makruhat) of Tayammum and what breaks it.
VI. Wiping over the leather socks (khufs). Wiping over the splint. Some cases of menstruation (hayd) and post-natal bleeding (nifas).